American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla), Havell plate no. 40

American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla), Havell plate no. 40
Watercolor, graphite, black ink, pastel, black chalk, and gouache with touches of glazing on paper, laid on card
Paper: 18 15/16 x 11 11/16 in. (48.1 x 29.7 cm) Mat: 29 x 23 in. (73.7 x 58.4 cm)
Female, above; male, below
Credit Line: 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Object Number: 
Inscribed at lower left in brown and black ink over graphite[erased]: "No 8. Plate 40. / Drawn from Nature by John. J. Audubon / Louisianna August 13th 1821"; at lower center: "American Redstart Male 1. F. 2 / Muscicapa ruticilla / Plant Vulgo Scrub-Elm. / Ostrya Virginica"; birds numbered lower and upper respectively: "1"; "2"
Gallery Label: 
The background flora has been identified as Eastern Hop Hornbeam or Ironwood (Ostrya virginiaca). The female redstart may have been a later addition to the painting.
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group