Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula), Havell plate no. 12

Title:
Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula), Havell plate no. 12
Date: 
c. 1822-25
Medium: 
Watercolor, pastel, black ink, graphite, gouache, and red lead pigment [converted to gray] with touches of glazing on paper, laid on card
Dimensions: 
Paper: 23 11/16 x 18 11/16 in. (60.2 x 47.5 cm) Mat: 35 x 27 in. (88.9 x 68.6 cm)
Description: 
Female, left; males, right
Credit Line: 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Object Number: 
1863.17.12
Inscriptions: 
Inscribed at upper right corner in graphite, inverted: "12"
Marks: 
Watermark: JWHATMAN / 18[?] [reversed]
Gallery Label: 
The background flora has been identified as the Tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipfera).
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group