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Black-throated Green Warbler (Dendroica virens), Blackburnian Warbler (Dendroica fusca), MacGillivray's Warbler (Oporornis tolmiei), Cape May Warbler (Dendroica tigrina), Golden-winged Warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera), Havell plate nos. 399 and 414

Object Number: 
1863.17.399
Date: 
c. 1836-37
Medium: 
Watercolor, graphite, pastel, black chalk, black ink, and gouache with selective glazing on paper, laid on card
Dimensions: 
Paper: 21 7/8 x 14 1/2 in. (55.6 x 36.8 cm) Mat: 29 x 23 in. (73.7 x 58.4 cm)
Marks: 
Watermark: JWHATMAN / 18[?]
Inscriptions: 
Inscribed at upper center in graphite: "Black throated Green"; at upper left: "Golden winged"; below: "Golden"; at lower left in brown ink: "No 77. / Plate 383. -- "; at lower left[below graphite line full width of page marking lower register]: "1, 2. Black-throated Green Warbler. / Sylvia virens, Lath. --"; at lower center: "3, 4. Golden-winged Warbler. -- / Sylvia chrysoptera, Lath. --"; at lower right of center: "5. Blackburnian W. female. / Sylvia blackburniae (AE)[line pointing to 'ae' in blackburniae to clarify spelling]"; below[partially erased]: "8, 9. Cape May Warbler.-- / Sylvia maritima, Wils."; below: "P.S. The letter engraver can easily place all these different names in one line."; at lower right: "6, 7. Mourning Warbler. -- / Sylvia philadelphia, Wils. -- "; at middle right in graphite: "Mourning"; at upper right: "F. Blackburnian"; birds numbered clockwise from upper center: "1 80"; "2 80"; "5 80"; "6 / 80"; "7 / 80"; "81 9 / 00"; above: "8"; "81 / 00"; "81 / 4 / XX"; "3 / 81 / X"
Description: 
The Black-throated Green Warbler, male; Black-throated Green Warbler, female; Blackburnian Warbler, female; MacGillivray's Warbler, female were engraved for Havell plate no. 399; the Golden-winged Warbler pair and Cape May Warbler pair were engraved for Havell plate no. 414
Credit Line: 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group