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Black-throated Green Warbler (Dendroica virens), Blackburnian Warbler (Dendroica fusca), MacGillivray's Warbler (Oporornis tolmiei), Cape May Warbler (Dendroica tigrina), Golden-winged Warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera), Havell plate nos. 399 and 414

Black-throated Green Warbler (Dendroica virens), Blackburnian Warbler (Dendroica fusca), MacGillivray's Warbler (Oporornis tolmiei), Cape May Warbler (Dendroica tigrina), Golden-winged Warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera), Havell plate nos. 399 and 414
Title
Black-throated Green Warbler (Dendroica virens), Blackburnian Warbler (Dendroica fusca), MacGillivray's Warbler (Oporornis tolmiei), Cape May Warbler (Dendroica tigrina), Golden-winged Warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera), Havell plate nos. 399 and 414
Date 
c. 1836-37
Medium 
Watercolor, graphite, pastel, black chalk, black ink, and gouache with selective glazing on paper, laid on card
Dimensions 
Paper: 21 7/8 x 14 1/2 in. (55.6 x 36.8 cm) Mat: 29 x 23 in. (73.7 x 58.4 cm)
Description 
The Black-throated Green Warbler, male; Black-throated Green Warbler, female; Blackburnian Warbler, female; MacGillivray's Warbler, female were engraved for Havell plate no. 399; the Golden-winged Warbler pair and Cape May Warbler pair were engraved for Havell plate no. 414
Credit Line 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Object Number 
1863.17.399
Marks 
Watermark: JWHATMAN / 18[?]
Inscriptions 
Inscribed at upper center in graphite: "Black throated Green"; at upper left: "Golden winged"; below: "Golden"; at lower left in brown ink: "No 77. / Plate 383. -- "; at lower left[below graphite line full width of page marking lower register]: "1, 2. Black-throated Green Warbler. / Sylvia virens, Lath. --"; at lower center: "3, 4. Golden-winged Warbler. -- / Sylvia chrysoptera, Lath. --"; at lower right of center: "5. Blackburnian W. female. / Sylvia blackburniae (AE)[line pointing to 'ae' in blackburniae to clarify spelling]"; below[partially erased]: "8, 9. Cape May Warbler.-- / Sylvia maritima, Wils."; below: "P.S. The letter engraver can easily place all these different names in one line."; at lower right: "6, 7. Mourning Warbler. -- / Sylvia philadelphia, Wils. -- "; at middle right in graphite: "Mourning"; at upper right: "F. Blackburnian"; birds numbered clockwise from upper center: "1 80"; "2 80"; "5 80"; "6 / 80"; "7 / 80"; "81 9 / 00"; above: "8"; "81 / 00"; "81 / 4 / XX"; "3 / 81 / X"
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group