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Bullock's Oriole (Icterus bullockii), Northern Waterthrush (Seiurus noveboracensis), Lesser Goldfinch (Carduelis psaltria), and Varied Thrush (Ixoreus naevius), Havell plate no. 433

Object Number: 
c. 1836
Watercolor, graphite, pastel, black ink, and gouache on paper, laid on card
Paper: 20 15/16 x 14 1/4 in. (53.2 x 36.2 cm) Mat: 29 x 23 in. (73.7 x 58.4 cm)
Inscribed at upper center in graphite: "Icterus Bullocki -- / old Female"; at upper left: "Icterus Bull[ocki] / Young Male"; at lower left of center in brown ink: "1. Female Varried Robbin / !Introduce it in small plate."; at lower right[two lines erased]: "Mexican... / ..."; at middle right in graphite: "Female Jany. 23rd -- 1836 -- / [erased]"; above: "Turdus aq… Wilson.--"; at upper right: "Baltimore Oriole / female"; birds numbered counterclockwise in brown ink and graphite from upper left: "1"; "7"; "6"; "5"; "4"; "1"; "8"; "4"
At upper center, Bullock's Oriole, male, left, females, right; at center: Northern Waterthrush; at lower center: Varied Thrush, female; at lower right: Lesser Goldfinches, female and male. Havell reoriented the birds on this watercolor to produce Plate no. 433.
Credit Line: 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group