Bullock's Oriole (Icterus bullockii), Northern Waterthrush (Seiurus noveboracensis), Lesser Goldfinch (Carduelis psaltria), and Varied Thrush (Ixoreus naevius), Havell plate no. 433

Bullock's Oriole (Icterus bullockii), Northern Waterthrush (Seiurus noveboracensis), Lesser Goldfinch (Carduelis psaltria), and Varied Thrush (Ixoreus naevius), Havell plate no. 433
Title
Bullock's Oriole (Icterus bullockii), Northern Waterthrush (Seiurus noveboracensis), Lesser Goldfinch (Carduelis psaltria), and Varied Thrush (Ixoreus naevius), Havell plate no. 433
Date 
c. 1836
Medium 
Watercolor, graphite, pastel, black ink, and gouache on paper, laid on card
Dimensions 
Paper: 20 15/16 x 14 1/4 in. (53.2 x 36.2 cm) Mat: 29 x 23 in. (73.7 x 58.4 cm)
Description 
At upper center, Bullock's Oriole, male, left, females, right; at center: Northern Waterthrush; at lower center: Varied Thrush, female; at lower right: Lesser Goldfinches, female and male. Havell reoriented the birds on this watercolor to produce Plate no. 433.
Credit Line 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Object Number 
1863.17.433
Inscriptions 
Inscribed at upper center in graphite: "Icterus Bullocki -- / old Female"; at upper left: "Icterus Bull[ocki] / Young Male"; at lower left of center in brown ink: "1. Female Varried Robbin / !Introduce it in small plate."; at lower right[two lines erased]: "Mexican... / ..."; at middle right in graphite: "Female Jany. 23rd -- 1836 -- / [erased]"; above: "Turdus aq… Wilson.--"; at upper right: "Baltimore Oriole / female"; birds numbered counterclockwise in brown ink and graphite from upper left: "1"; "7"; "6"; "5"; "4"; "1"; "8"; "4"
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group