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Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia), Little Owl (Athene noctua), Northern Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium gnoma), and Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus), Havell plate no. 432

Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia), Little Owl (Athene noctua), Northern Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium gnoma), and Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus), Havell plate no. 432
Title
Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia), Little Owl (Athene noctua), Northern Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium gnoma), and Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus), Havell plate no. 432
Date 
1838
Medium 
Watercolor, graphite, pastel, collage, black ink, gouache, and white lead pigment with selective scraping on paper, laid on card
Dimensions 
Paper: 19 7/8 x 28 5/8 in. (50.5 x 72.7 cm) Mat: 27 x 35 in. (68.6 x 88.9 cm)
Description 
Male Burrowing Owl, upper left; female Burrowing Owl, lower left; Little Owl, left center; Pygmy Owls, upper right; Short-eared Owl, lower right
Credit Line 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Object Number 
1863.17.432
Marks 
Watermark: JWHATMAN
Inscriptions 
Inscribed at lower right in graphite: "Breadth 3 feet 4 Inches / Length to end of claws 15 1/2 Inches / " -- " -- " -- " -- " -- 15 -- " / Gape 1 Inch -- / Weight 1 lb 17 ozes / 2d Primary longest. / Lever large -- / Pouch about 2 1/2 Inches full[cut] / feathers ---"; at upper right[cut]: "Strix pass / Temm. / Pl. col."; pair at upper and lower left both numbered: "1"; center bird numbered: "3"; pair at upper right numbered: "2"
Gallery Label 
Of these birds, Audubon encountered only the Short-eared owl in North America. He included the Little owl, an old world species, after being misinformed as to its presence in Newfoundland. Specimens of Pygmy and Burrowing owls were provided by Dr. John Kirk Townsend
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group