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"John Brown" pike

"John Brown" pike
Title
"John Brown" pike
Date 
ca. 1857-1859
Medium 
Steel, wood (possibly ash)
Dimensions 
Overall: 81 x 4 1/4 in. ( 205.7 x 10.8 cm )
Description 
Wood and iron pike; cylindrical wood shaft with leaf blade, oval crossbar, and cylindrical socket fastened to top.
Object Number 
INV.5736
Marks 
Stamped on metal haft: "101"
Gallery Label 
This is one of the pikes commissioned by militant abolitionist John Brown (1800-1859) from the Collins Co. of Canton, Connecticut in 1857 in preparation for his raid on the U.S. arsenal at Harper's Ferry in 1859. Brown intended to incite a slave insurrection and planned to use the pikes to arm slaves on Virginia plantations. None of the weapons were ever used by slaves, but they became potent symbols of Brown's raid. Each of the 1,000 pikes made for Brown by Collins Co. were individually numbered: this example is stamped "101".
Bibliography 
Holzer, Harold and The New-York Historical Society. "The Civil War in 50 Objects." New York: Viking, 2013.
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group